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coal mining encyclopedia of alabama

Slope Mine in Jefferson County | Encyclopedia of AlabamaSlope Mine in Jefferson County. A slope mine of the Warner Coal Company in Republic, Jefferson County, in 1908. Courtesy of Birmingham Public Library Archives. THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ALABAMA.coal mining encyclopedia of alabama,Mining Towns in Alabama | Encyclopedia of AlabamaJul 10, 2015 . Ensley Postcard As coal and iron industries developed in Alabama, mining towns came to define the daily existence and the social order for thousands of miners and their families. Numerous towns dotted the landscape during the boom times for coal and iron production, but mining's decline in the last half.

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United Mine Workers in Alabama | Encyclopedia of AlabamaOct 12, 2010 . Organizations representing miners' interests first appeared in the Birmingham District in the 1870s, created with the assistance of the Greenback-Labor Party. Later, many miners joined the Knights of Labor but ultimately found more success improving working conditions and wages under the United Mine.coal mining encyclopedia of alabama,DeBardeleben Coal Mines | Encyclopedia of AlabamaA St. Clair County mine of the DeBardeleben Coal Company, which evolved from mining operations established by pioneering industrialist Henry F. DeBardeleben in the late nineteenth century. Courtesy of Alabama Department of Archives and History. THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ALABAMA.

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Convict-Lease System | Encyclopedia of Alabama

Sep 12, 2007 . Between 1875 and 1928, the state and counties of Alabama profited from a form of prison labor known as the convict-lease system. Under this system, companies and individuals paid fees to state and county governments in exchange for the labor of prisoners on farms, at lumberyards, and in coal mines.

Bessie Mine Laborers | Encyclopedia of Alabama

Employees of the Sloss-Sheffield Steel and Iron Company at Bessie Mine in Jefferson County in 1910. Child laborers were common in coal mines in the early twentieth century and worked 12-14 hour days. Courtesy of Library of Congress. THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ALABAMA.

Coal Mining | Encyclopedia of Alabama

Feb 18, 2008 . Experiencing both boom and bust, the coal-mining industry has affected the lives of thousands of people in northern and central Alabama. The industry changed the face of the state—geographically, economically, socially, politically, culturally. Largely obscured today by reclamation projects, pine trees, and.

Birmingham Coal Mine, 1908 | Encyclopedia of Alabama

An electric tram moves through a tunnel of the Warner Coal Mines in Birmingham, ca. 1908. Miners fed coal from the mine shafts into chutes, where it emerged from the hatches that line the tunnel. It then was transported to the surface by trams pulled by the train engine. Courtesy of Birmingham Public Library Archives.

Slope Mine in Jefferson County | Encyclopedia of Alabama

Slope Mine in Jefferson County. A slope mine of the Warner Coal Company in Republic, Jefferson County, in 1908. Courtesy of Birmingham Public Library Archives. THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ALABAMA.

DeBardeleben Coal Mines | Encyclopedia of Alabama

A St. Clair County mine of the DeBardeleben Coal Company, which evolved from mining operations established by pioneering industrialist Henry F. DeBardeleben in the late nineteenth century. Courtesy of Alabama Department of Archives and History. THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ALABAMA.

Convict-Lease System | Encyclopedia of Alabama

Sep 12, 2007 . Between 1875 and 1928, the state and counties of Alabama profited from a form of prison labor known as the convict-lease system. Under this system, companies and individuals paid fees to state and county governments in exchange for the labor of prisoners on farms, at lumberyards, and in coal mines.

Mining Labor | Encyclopedia of Alabama

Feb 16, 2009 . Mining operations in Alabama have focused primarily on the extraction of iron ore and coal. These raw materials, combined with line, constitute the key ingredients in the production of pig iron and steel. The existence of all three components within a 10-mile radius of Jones Valley contributed to the.

Alabama - New World Encyclopedia

In the years following World War II, Alabama experienced significant recovery as the economy of the state transitioned from agriculture to diversified interests in heavy manufacturing, mining, education, and high technology. Someday Alabama may surpass Michigan and become the largest automobile manufacturer in North.

Birmingham, Alabama - Wikipedia

In the 1950s and 1960s, Birmingham gained national and international attention as a center of activity during the Civil Rights Movement. Based on their members working in mining and industry, in the 1950s independent Ku Klux Klan (KKK) chapters had ready access to dynamite and other bomb materials. Whites unhappy.

Adger, Alabama - Wikipedia

He also was an operating officer of the Debardeleben Coal & Iron Company. Adger is a rural community that arose in the late 1880s during development of Debardeleben's Adger, Johns, and Belle Sumter mines in the Blue Creek Coal Basin. The mines were operating at their peak in the early Twentieth Century. The Black.

On this day in Alabama history: Governor ordered miners' tent .

Aug 26, 2017 . On this day in Alabama history: Governor ordered miners' tent colonies cut down Coal mining interests in Alabama built company housing for workers, which were managed and controlled with heavy-handed tactics by corporate agents. (From Encyclopedia of Alabama, courtesy of Library of Congress).

ISJL - Alabama Encyclopedia - Goldring/Woldenberg Institute of .

By the 1840s, Jewish immigrants from the German states were living in cotton market towns like Montgomery, Claiborne, Eufaula, Selma, and Demopolis. Soon after the Civil War, growing numbers of Jews settled in Decatur, Athens, Huntsville, Opelika, Tuscaloosa, and Dothan. As coal mining and iron production arose in.

ADAH: Alabama History Timeline (1801-1860)

According to U.S. Census Bureau in September 2002, the Alabama portion of the Mississippi Territory in 1800: . For more information on Indian tribes in Alabama, please see The Encyclopedia of Alabama. 1802 .. Alabama Coal Mining Company begins first systematic underground mining in the state near Montevallo.

Coal-Mining Strikes | The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and .

As leader of the coal miners' union in Indian Territory and early Oklahoma, Peter Hanraty stressed negotiation as the means for resolving most labor conflicts, but he recognized that strikes were often . Mine operators imported African American strikebreakers from Alabama and West ia so that mining could continue.

coal mining encyclopedia of alabama,

Birmingham | Alabama, United States | Britannica

Birmingham: Birmingham, largest city in Alabama, U.S., located in the north-central part of the state. It is a leading industrial . Coal mining and high-technology industries also contribute to the economy. Education . Annual events include the Festival of Arts in the spring and the Alabama State Fair in the fall. Arlington.

Blocton - University of Alabama Press

In 1883 two entrepreneurs—Truman Aldrich, a New York engineer, and Cornelius Cadle, a former Union Army officer—created the Cahaba Coal Mining Company and built a railroad eight miles into the wilderness of northern Bibb County to tap thick veins of coal deep underground. There, they built the town of Blocton and.

Convict Leasing in Alabama - Alabama Department of Archives and .

Title of Lesson: Convict Leasing in Alabama: A System That Re-Enslaved Blacks After the Civil War. (Suggested grade . of cheap labor. These businesses (railroads, lumber, and mining companies, for example) . about one particular prisoner, a scholarly summary (from the Encyclopedia of Alabama) about how the lease.

alabama the beautiful! - Distance Education - Mississippi State .

Mar 1, 2014 . Geologic Time in Alabama. Astronomy. Environmental Science and Impacts on Alabama. Invasive Species. Mining Concerns. Gulf Oil Spill of 2010. 3. .. such quantities), helped make Birmingham a fast growing city during the start steel making in Alabama. ... "Geology of Alabama in Encyclopedia.

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